Main Article Content
The different constraints and opportunities of women farmers in agricultural extension and research have not been well studied in Jabithenan and South Achefer woredas of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Thus, this study was conducted in the study areas on the constraints and opportunities of women’s participation in participatory agricultural extension and research. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. A systematic sampling technique was employed for the selection of respondents. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. The results indicated that women’s credence that husbands are heads of the family and are knowledgeable and women’s in- competence in the eyes of the community and their belief that women are naturally born for household chores had affected their participation. The results also indicated that weaknesses of the organizations of “one-to-five” and “women’s-development-groups”, lack of enforcement of community rules for cou- ples participation in knowledge transfer events, expensiveness of agricultural inputs, shortage of draft oxen, women’s under-representation in kebele administrations were the major constraints of women’s participation in agricultural extension and research. Regarding opportunities, the result indicated that government land proclamation and growth and transformation strategies addressed all female-headed households and 30 -50 % of married women. Furthermore, wider extension service coverage through established kebele level agricultural offices enhanced their participation in participatory agricultural extension and research.