The Politics of Covid-19: a Qualitative Exploration of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Factors Affecting Prevention Practices in Selected Urban Areas of Wollega Zones, Western Ethiopia

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Asebe Amenu
Dessalegn Wirtu
Mebrate Dufera
Oljira Kenea
Gemechu Tiruneh
Zelalem Dessalegn

Abstract

This study aims at exploring the level of knowledge, attitude and factors influencing the preventive practices of people living in urban areas of Wollega zones. This is a qualitative study undertaken from May-September 2020 in six purposively selected towns namely Shambu, Sibu Sire, Nekemte, Anger Gute, Arjo Gudatu and Gimbi based on their higher demographic density and mobility. About 14 key informants have participated in the study. In addition, observation checklist was prepared to observe prevention practices at selected risk sites. The data was analyzed using thematic and case analysis. Results show that the respondents have basic knowledge of the Corona Virus. However, most of them perceived that the disease is politicized. That is, the disease emerged amidst hot political turmoil and unrest, exacerbating the spread of the disease and affecting the implementation of preventive strate- gies. Moreover, the existing economic crisis induced poverty that made the preventive practices unreal- istic. Thus, the study concludes that political stability and level of socio-economic services is the key to tackle COVID-19 transmission

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