Determinants Of Food Insecurity Among Rural Households In Debark Woreda, North West Ethiopia

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Belete Debebe

Abstract

Ethiopia is one of the food deficit countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The food deficit is especially manifested in Amhara region. Many woredas in the region are only able to produce food that could meet their food requirements for less than six months of the year. This food insecurity is a key development challenge. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine the extent of the food insecurity and identify its determinants in Debark woreda. The food insecurity was assessed using the calorie intake. A total of 200 farming households’ were randomly selected using systematic sampling technique. Primary data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that the proportion of food insecure households was more than the food secured households. The chi-square statistic revealed a significant association between food insecure and secure households. Similarly, the t-test revealed a significant mean difference between food insecure and secure households with respect to age of household heads, TLU and cultivated land size. Moreover, the model output revealed seven out of twelve explanatory variables: age of household heads, educational level, TLU, cultivated land size, access to credit, applying chemical fertilizer and improved seeds were found to be statistically significant determinants of household food insecurity. In conclusion, the determinants of food insecurity are complex and call for multifaceted interventions. Such efforts should include resettling food insecure households where better land resources are available, strengthening informal education and skill training centers to farming households, enhancing and expanding rural credit service.

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Belete Debebe

Ethiopia is one of the food deficit countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The food deficit is especially manifested in Amhara region. Many woredas in the region are only able to produce food that could meet their food requirements for less than six months of the year. This food insecurity is a key development challenge. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine the extent of the food insecurity and identify its determinants in Debark woreda. The food insecurity was assessed using the calorie intake. A total of 200 farming households’ were randomly selected using systematic sampling technique. Primary data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that the proportion of food insecure households was more than the food secured households. The chi-square statistic revealed a significant association between food insecure and secure households. Similarly, the t-test revealed a significant mean difference between food insecure and secure households with respect to age of household heads, TLU and cultivated land size. Moreover, the model output revealed seven out of twelve explanatory variables: age of household heads, educational level, TLU, cultivated land size, access to credit, applying chemical fertilizer and improved seeds were found to be statistically significant determinants of household food insecurity. In conclusion, the determinants of food insecurity are complex and call for multifaceted interventions. Such efforts should include resettling food insecure households where better land resources are available, strengthening informal education and skill training centers to farming households, enhancing and expanding rural credit service